- split [split]vt.split, splitting [MDu splitten, akin to MHG splīzen < IE base * (s)plei-, to split, crack > FLINT]1. to separate, cut, or divide into two or more parts; cause to separate along the grain or length; break into layers2. to break or tear apart by force; burst; rend3. to divide into parts or shares; portion out [to split the cost ]☆ 4. to cast (one's vote) or mark (one's ballot) for candidates of more than one party5. to cause (a group, political party, etc.) to separate into divisions or factions; disunite6. Chem. Physicsa) to break (a molecule) into atoms or into smaller moleculesb) to produce nuclear fission in (an atom)7. Finance to divide (stock) by substituting some multiple of the original shares that will usually have the same aggregate par value as the old, but a proportionately lower value per sharevi.1. to separate lengthwise into two or more parts; separate along the grain or length2. to break or tear apart; burst; rend3. to separate or break up through failure to agree, etc.: often with up4. Informal to divide something with another or others, each taking a share [winners split ]☆ 5. Slang to leave a place; depart6. [Brit. Slang] to inform ( on an accomplice)n.1. the act or process of splitting2. the result of splitting; specif.,a) a break; fissure; crack; tearb) a breach or division in a group, between persons, etc.3. a splinter; sliver4. a single thickness of hide split horizontally5. a flexible strip of wood, as osier, used in basket making☆ 6. a confection made of a split banana or other fruit with ice cream, nuts, sauces, whipped cream, etc.7. [often pl.] the feat of spreading the legs apart until they lie flat on the floor, etc. in a straight line, the body remaining upright8. Informala) a small bottle of carbonated water, wine, etc., usually about six ouncesb) a drink or portion half the usual size9. Informal a share, as of loot or booty10. Bowling an arrangement of pins after the first bowl, so widely separated as to make a spare extremely difficultadj.1. divided or separated along the length or grain2. divided, separated, or disunitedSYN.- BREAK——————split offto break off or separate as by splittingsplittern.
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.